A tooth extraction is one of the most common dental procedures and is performed by a dentist or oral surgeon. The procedure is quick and simple and is usually done under local or general anesthesia.
Dentists prefer to save the natural teeth by using restorative methods such as fillings and dental crowns. However, in certain cases, these restorative methods may not be enough. Below are some cases where your dentist may recommend a tooth extraction.
Severe Tooth Decay
Perhaps the most common reason for a tooth extraction is severe decay of the teeth. Severe decay occurs when the decay reaches the pulp of the tooth. Once the decay reaches the pulp, it can cause infection in the blood vessels and nerves. A dentist usually conducts a root canal to treat the infection, but in severe cases, to prevent the infection in the pulp from spreading, the dentist will have to extract the entire tooth.
Impacted teeth occur when a tooth cannot fully grow out or erupt from the gum. This is very common with wisdom teeth. Since the tooth cannot come out, it is prone to infection, swelling, and tenderness. A tooth extraction will be recommended.
The buildup of plaque and tartar on the gum and teeth causes gum disease such as gingivitis. Gum disease causes the bones and tissues around the teeth to swell. If left untreated for a long period, then the dentist may recommend teeth extraction. This will help to reduce inflammation.
Crowding of teeth is also another common reason for tooth extraction. It usually causes tension and pain and can sometimes lead to infection. To prevent these issues, the dentist may opt to extract some teeth.
An injury to the face can cause teeth to dislodge. If you have experienced any kind of injury or trauma to your teeth, tooth extraction may be involved to help eliminate pain and ensure healing.
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